How to Review and Assess Student Learning

Girl Taking Test in School for review and assessment in The SIOP Model Suzanne Marie

This blog post is part of a series unpacking The SIOP Model. This blog post explains the review and assessment component of The SIOP Model.

The SIOP Model

The SIOP (Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol) Model (CREDE, 1996) is an instructional framework that has been validated as highly effective in improving the achievement of students whose teachers use it. Student learning and student success is enhanced by using instructional strategies and practices to engage both mother-tongue language and the target language used in each lesson. It is also used as a best practice with students who need to improve areas of their language development like grammar and literacy skills.

The SIOP Model includes eight components:

  1. Lesson Preparation
  2. Building Background
  3. Comprehensible Input
  4. Strategies
  5. Interaction
  6. Practice & Application
  7. Lesson Delivery
  8. Review & Assessment

Review and Assessment

Review and assessment are essential to measuring the student’s learning experience and the lesson outcomes throughout each lesson and the learning process. Educators revisit the lesson outcomes in this stage and assess their students’ progress. 

A lesson may begin with reviewing previous learning or checking students’ knowledge of a topic or relevant vocabulary. Throughout the task, the teacher can check for student comprehension frequently to determine whether additional explanations or re-teaching are needed.

Review and Assessment with Language Lessons

Language and vocabulary are just as important as the content, and teachers should give their students a comprehensive review of the target language content and language learned throughout each lesson. Formative assessments are used to measure student achievement with target vocabulary and concepts discussed in the previous lesson, or at the end of a lesson. 

Some examples of formative assessment for vocabulary development are:

  • Spelling Tests
  • Word Search Puzzles
  • Crossword Puzzles
  • Sentence Development
  • Word and Definition Matching
  • Creating Video Clips
  • Using a Graphic Organizer

Reviewing and Assessing Student Progress

Educators need to review and assess their student’s progress periodically. There are various ways to do this, but some standard methods include looking at assignments, conducting classroom observations, and giving tests or quizzes. The assessment process allows teachers to see what areas their students are struggling in and adjust their instruction accordingly. It also helps them determine which students might need additional support outside the classroom.

Assessment for Improvement

Assessment is vital because it helps students see what they’ve learned and where they need more work. If students can see their weaknesses, they can start working on them. In addition, engaging students in the assessment process will help them improve their understanding of the concepts they’re learning.

As a teacher, consider using various assessment strategies that allow you to find out more about your students’ learning and where you can focus your efforts. Using available digital tools and resources is helpful to support students in improving their skills and encourage them to stay on top of their progress. 

Types of Assessments

There are various ways to assess student learning, but standard methods include looking at assignments, conducting classroom observations, and giving tests or quizzes. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses, so it’s essential to choose a suitable assessment method for the situation. For example, if you want to get a sense of how well students have learned the material in a course, giving a test or quiz may be your best option.

These are some common categories for student assessment:

  • State-assessed standards-based assessments (most states have state standards assessment systems in place that can provide information about what students know)
  • Classroom-based assessments (such as classroom quizzes, exit tickets, and daily homework to assess what students know)
  • Performance-based assessments (such as projects, posters, videos, debates, interviews, and presentations to assess what students know)

This blog post explores different types of language assessments:

Assessment and Instructional Practices

Instructional practices vary among teachers, but one common goal is to ensure that students are learning the material. To do this, many teachers engage in formative assessment- gathering information about student understanding during instruction. This allows them to see what areas their students are struggling in and adjust their teaching accordingly. 

There are a variety of ways to collect data for formative assessment. One popular method is called think-pair-share. To do this, the teacher poses a question or problem to the class and gives them time to think about it individually, pair up in small groups, and share their ideas about the question or problem. Another way is using exit tickets at the end of each lesson. Exit tickets are designed as a formative assessment to measure students’ learning at the end of a lesson compared to the learning outcomes.  

This blog post shows examples of best practices for lesson planning using The SIOP Model:

Identifying Students’ Needs

Ongoing assessment not only evaluates students’ learning in each lesson but also identifies which students might need additional support outside the classroom.

Student assessment is essential work that helps students progress and understand the material. One of the most critical parts of assessment is data collection. Data collection involves looking at everything from quiz scores to essay grades and measuring each student’s progress over time. If they can see where they’re already strong, they can build on that to further their knowledge and understanding of the subject.

If a student has been falling behind in school, their teachers should advise them of the importance of catching up. After all, if students don’t make up the missing material, they’ll fall further behind. When students fall behind, it is also an excellent time to share a list of helpful study strategies with students to keep them on track.

For example, a student who needs more help in a particular subject area could be placed into a smaller group or provided with a tutor. Another example is for a student who may need differentiation of instruction for concepts within a lesson. 


Assessment allows students to assess how far they’ve come and how close they’ve come to their goals. In addition, it enables them to determine how much they’ve learned and still need to learn. The right type of assessment lets them see what they’ve accomplished, as well as where they need to focus their attention.

The SIOP Model


Teaching with The SIOP Model


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Published by suzannemarie

Educator and published author of conflict management and children's books. Living life to its fullest. I believe in courageously honouring my truth and living my legacy. Lover of meaningful conversations, coffee, food, art, and building connections. I love writing about my fascination with culture, food, adventure, self-love, and living a healthy and fulfilled life!

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